Easements: Vehicle Access, Utility, or Conservation

Vehicle Access Easement

A Vehicle Access Easement is an interest in land owned by another person, consisting of the right to use or control the land, or an area above or below it, for a specified limited purpose (such as to cross it for access to a public road).  It needs to be in writing, signed by the owner, and specifically identified as to location.  Also, the parties responsible for maintenance of the easement should be stated, and the easement needs to be recorded.  Without such legal right, the owner of the easement would be trespassing every time he traveled across the landowner’s property.

Utility Easements

Utility easements are areas of a property that were defined for use by utility companies when the property was first put on a plat. They are designated for overhead electric, telephone and television lines and underground electric, water, sewer, telephone, and cable lines. Such easements also must be in writing and recorded so that the public is given notice what utilities have rights in the property.

Conservation Easement

This is an agreement forever binding a parcel of land in a way that preserves a native plant or animal, a natural or physical feature of the land, or some aspect of the land that has some historical, scientific or cultural significance.